According to St. John Paul II, faith formation cannot be dissociated from the Church’s pastoral and missionary activity. It is related to the sacraments of initiation and ongoing formation in the faith.
Pre – Evangelization
Pre-evangelization is the most immediate expression of the missionary mandate of Jesus. It is realized through “the primary proclamation”, directed to person of other faiths; those who have chosen unbelief, those Christians who live on the margins of Christian life, those who follow other religions. The religious awakening of the children of Christian families is also an eminent form of this function.
1. Evangelization
Evangelization is the act of proclaiming the Gospel to all people, with a view to establishing the kingdom of God by the power of the Gospel; or the act of bringing the Good News to the entire strata of humanity with a view to transforming them by the spirit of the Gospel.
2. Catechesis
The Church continues this mission of evangelization through her prophetic, priestly and kingly ministries. Of these, catechesis forms the part of prophetic ministry or the ministry of the Word. On the basis of the catechetical documents of the Church, catechesis can be understood as an ecclesial act or ministry of education or instruction in the Christian faith or faith doctrine imparted to the baptized or catechumens, generally in an organic and systematic way, with a view to initiate and lead them to the maturity of faith and fullness of Christian life.
3. Re – Evangelization
Re – evangelization is a proclamation of Good News to those who are baptized or evangelizing again to those who lost their faith in their journey of life. There may be crisis in our life that leads to loose of faith and it is the responsibility of the Church to strengthen them in faith of God at the time of their crisis.
Today there is a very large number of baptized people who for the most part have not formally renounced their Baptism but who are entirely indifferent to it and not living in accordance with it. It is often the result of the uprooting typical of our time. It also springs from the fact that Christians live in close proximity with non-believers and constantly experience the effects of unbelief. Furthermore, the non-practicing Christians of today, more so than those of previous periods, seek to explain and justify their position in the name of an interior religion, of personal independence or authenticity.
Atheistic secularism and the absence of religious practice are found among adults and among the young, among the leaders of society and among the ordinary people, at all levels of education, and in both the old Churches and the young ones. The Church’s evangelizing action cannot ignore these two worlds, nor must it come to a standstill when faced with them; it must constantly seek the proper means and language for presenting, or representing, to them God’s revelation and faith in Jesus Christ.
4. New Evangelization
According to the St. John Paul II, “The expression new evangelization was popularized in the encyclical of Pope Paul VI Evangelization in the Modern World, as a response to the new challenges which the contemporary world creates for the mission of the Church.” St. John Paul II sees the need for a “great launching” of evangelization in the present life of the Church in a variety of ways. There is a need for stronger ecclesial commitment to new evangelization in order to rediscover the joy of believing and the enthusiasm for communicating the faith. In rediscovering Lord’s love day by day, the missionary commitment of believers attains force and vigour that can never fade away. Faith grows when it is lived as an experience of love received and when it is communicated as an experience of grace and joy.